Introduction many theories of addiction have been proposed with the intention of identifying the mechanism(s) that best explains the behaviors observed in addicts 1 these theories frequently rely on preclinical data, primarily because they permit research into the underlying neural mechanisms in ways not possible using human subjects. The medical field too has authoritatively suggested theory after bizarre theory of why people drink or use themselves to death bill wilson the founder of aa promulgated one doctor's sketchy idea that alcoholics were in fact allergic to alcohol. In the past, addiction was viewed as stemming from an individual's moral failing and weakness of will (nih, 2010) with the advances in scientific research, biological theories of addiction as a brain disease are now widely accepted however, this point of view is still controversial. Biological models of addiction emphasize the importance of genetics and the biological forces of nature these theories suggest that brain chemistry, brain structure, and genetic abnormalities cause human behavior many of these models have not been tested or applied to every specific type of. The genetic theory of addiction, known as addictive inheritance, attempts to separate the genetic and environmental factors of addictive behavior studies have been done to control for environmental components to determine if genetics plays a greater role.
Addiction believed in a higher power they would possess the strength to resist use of alcohol according to the temperance model, an addiction was an involuntary disease they. The basis of conditioning theories is that addiction is the cumulative result of the reinforcement of drug administration the substance acts as a powerful reinforcer and gains control over the users behavior. For this reason, it is important to be aware of and question addiction theories the therapist who told my friend's mother that she caused her son's drinking was influenced by psychoanalysis.
Most theories about addiction fail to provide a comprehensive account of chemical abuse, dependence or addiction there is truth and speculation to every theory it is important for chemical dependency counselors to continue to research and critique theories because it initiates the creation of new theories. According to the sociocultural model, the cultural standards of a society and the negative effects of culture and society on individual behavior, cause addiction. The handbook of drug use etiology: theory, methods, and empirical findings is the first volume to cover this dynamic field comprehensively a roster of premiere. The moral model of addiction, a psycho-social explanation of addiction that led to stigma and intolerance, kept many people from seeking help the disease model has proven to be the correct model to develop true innovations in addiction treatment.
Biological models of addiction emphasize the importance of genetics and the biological forces of nature these theories suggest that brain chemistry, brain structure, and genetic abnormalities cause human behavior. Drug addiction continues to be a growing concern, prompting medical and scientific research on a global scale into the possible causes of addiction and the various levels to which people become drug-dependent this global issue continues to grow, prompting a rush to determine the cause in an effort to find a cure. Although multiple theories would help in better understanding of the aetiology of addiction, this multiplicity could convey the lack of consensus around aetiology of drug abuse and, according to spooner, scientific evidence in this area is inadequate. The etiology of addiction: a comparison of theoretical models theorists from across the spectrum of the clinical helping professions have developed numerous psychological, socio-cultural, and biological explanations of the causation associated with substance abuse and dependence.
Theories of addiction: causes and 4 maintenance of addiction overview: theories of addiction in attempting to explain why people become dependent on drugs, a variety of different approaches have been taken. Etiology is the investigation of factors & influences over time that lead to substance use disorder development etiological research etiological research works to identify the likely causes and correlates of drug use.
What may curtail the social and psychological analysis of addiction most is the inappropriate meekness and limited scientific aspirations of those best suited to extend the boundaries of addiction theory in this direction. If you had asked me what causes drug addiction at the start, i would have looked at you as if you were an idiot, and said: drugs so if the old theory of addiction is right -- it's the drugs. Read chapter 5 etiology: drug abuse persists as one of the most costly and contentious problems on the nation's agenda pathways of addiction meets the n.